On Benjamin’s “Sexual Orientation Scale”
Expression and identification outside the borders of typical gendered behavior were viewed by professionals in the mid-twentieth century as illegitimate and/or fetishistic unless very specific guidelines of non-normative gender presentation were adhered to. In addition to this, it was almost exclusively transgender women who were considered by professionals for evaluation and (hopefully) transition; transgender men were almost never given opportunities to “prove” themselves in order to receive desired medical or surgical treatment. Pictured below, Harry Benjamin’s Sexual Orientation Scale, (abbr. SOS,) was largely considered by his colleagues in psychology and medicine to be the standard reference for addressing “issues” of transvestitism versus transsexualism versus homosexuality, general fetishism of biologically female individuals, and other “faults” of the mind professionals like Benjamin started to address with growing frequency in the 1950s and beyond.
The fact that Benjamin’s scale is no longer standard in addressing trans* individuals from a psychiatric standpoint is comforting because its obsoletism in professional circles indicates that enough has been learned about trans* individuals by professionals in the past fifty to sixty years to render the information presented above virtually useless in modern assessments.
Yes. Yes this is exactly what we wanted to find
This is very interesting. I would assume traits from the other gender would show through
Not necessarily! That’s exactly what “passing” is, after all - assuming traits of one’s preferred gender in an attempt to be assimilated into society as that gender by other people. There are a lot of transgender individuals who will likely never be seen as anything other than what they want to be seen as because they make a conscious effort to pass. Not all transgender people are particularly concerned about passing, of course, nor should they be, but many are.
“Video about artists who defy gender norms and challenge the gender binary in their work” - heather cassils and zackary drucker
Heather Cassils gained 24 pounds in muscle over six months for the sake of art. Zackary Drucker asked audience members to tweeze the hairs from her bare body.
These LA artists use their bodies as canvases to defy gender norms.
Video by Mae Ryan
Rotation by Blindfold
- This video, to me, related to the topic of trans representations in popular culture. These two individuals serve as representations of trans people in the art/visual art world by using their bodies as living art. As a visual arts major this really spoke to me because usually an artist separates themselves from their work and rarely ever makes themselves a part of their art (other than self portraits).
Heather Cassils is on a panel at a conference at Rutgers on March 5, called Trans Technology. Info here: http://iwa.rutgers.edu/home/
Man, this is really great.
This response is slightly late, but has nevertheless been submitted in response to this week’s Tumblr prompt. I had to watch the documentary on my own time since I was sick last week, but I finished watching it.